Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen

Professor of Systematic TheologySchool of Theology

Contact Information
626-584-5379
Education
MA, Fuller Theological Seminary
MEd, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
DrTheol, University of Helsinki
DrTheol, Habil University of Helsinki

Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen joined the Fuller faculty as associate professor of systematic theology in 2000 and was named full professor in 2003. He also holds a teaching position at the University of Helsinki as Docent of Ecumenics.

Prior to coming to Fuller, Kärkkäinen served as president and professor at IsoKirja College in Keuruu, Finland. He has taught and lived with his family on three continents: Europe, Asia (Thailand), and North America (U.S.A.) He has also lectured and served as visiting professor in various schools around the world. He travels widely and has a command of several languages.

A prolific writer, Kärkkäinen has authored or edited about twenty books in English (and seven in his native language, Finnish), including The Trinity: Global Perspectives (2007), One With God: Salvation as Deification and Justification (2004), and Trinity and Religious Pluralism: The Doctrine of the Trinity in Christian Theology of Religions (2004), as well as more than 150 articles that have appeared in international scholarly journals. He is also the editor of the Global Dictionary of Theology (with William Dyrness, 2008), The Spirit in the World: Emerging Pentecostal Theologies in Global Contexts (2009), and Holy Spirit and Salvation: The Sources of Christian Theology (2010). Currently he is writing a five-volume series covering all topics of systematic theology titled A Constructive Christian Theology for the Pluralistic World, to be published by Eerdmans (2013–2017); the first volume is Christ and Reconciliation (2013) and the second, Trinity and Revelation (2014). Kärkkäinen is member of several editorial boards, including the Strategic Initiatives in Systematic Theology series by InterVarsity Press, the Studies in Systematic Theology series by E.J. Brill (Leiden, Netherlands), and is a reviewer for the International Journal of Systematic Theology. He has participated in a number of working groups of the World Council of Churches, most recently on “Christian Self-Understanding and Religious Plurality,” and has participated in numerous international theological, missiological, and interfaith consultations, including Edinburgh 2010 and the Conference on World Mission and Evangelism of the World Council of Churches (Athens, 2005). His ecumenical experience also includes long-term participation in several international bilateral dialogues. For years he served as an external examiner for Wales University.

Courses Taught

  • Master’s level courses:
  • ST501 Systematic Theology 1: Theology and Anthropology
  • ST502 Systematic Theology 2: Christology and Soteriology
  • ST503 Systematic Theology 3: Ecclesiology and Eschatology
  • ST523 Theological Challenges of Religious Plurality
  • ST525 Pneumatology: Current Trends and Historical Developments
  • ST5xx Lesslie Newbigin’s Missional Theology
  • TH550 World Religions in Christian Perspective
  • PhD seminars:
  • ST829/529 Theological Method
  • ST838/538 Ecclesiology: Current Developments Worldwide
  • ST855/575 Christian Theology of Religions
  • ST868/568 The Systematic Theology of Wolfhart Pannenberg
  • ST886/586 Contemporary Perspectives on the Trinity
  • TH836/536 The Constructive Theology of Jürgen Moltmann
  • TH846/546 Theological Anthropology in Theological and Scientific Perspectives (with Prof. Nancey Murphy
  • TH866/559 Pneumatology: Theologies of the Holy Spirit
  • TH563 Science and Religion (with Prof. Nancey Murphy)
  • Courses taught at the University of Helsinki (either in English or Finnish):
  • The Trinity in Contemporary Theology
  • The Doctrine of Atonement in Tradition and Contemporary Constructive Theology
  • Pneumatology: History and Current Developments
  • Theological Anthropology in Interdisciplinary Perspectives
  • Ecclesiology in Current Ecumenical Theology
  • Pentecostal-Charismatic Theologies and their Ecumenical Implications

Areas of Expertise, Research, Writing, and Teaching

Pneumatology, ecclesiology, ecumenics, Pannenberg’s theology, Luther studies, Pentecostal-Charismatic theologies, theology of religions and missions, intercultural theologies, comparative theology

Publications

Monographs, Books

  • Spiritus ubi vult spirat: Pneumatology in Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue (1972-1989). Schriften der Luther-Agricola-Gesellschaft 42. Helsinki: Luther-Agricola Society, 1998.
  • Ad ultimum terrae: Evangelization, Proselytism and Common Witness in the Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue, 1990–1997. Studies in the Intercultural History of Christianity 117. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1999.
  • Toward a Pneumatological Theology: Pentecostal and Ecumenical Perspectives on Ecclesiology, Soteriology, and Theology of Mission, ed. Amos Yong. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2002.
  • One With God: Salvation as Deification and Justification. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2004. Chinese Translation by Hong Kong Truth Book Ltd., Hong Kong, 2007.
  • Trinity and Religious Pluralism: The Doctrine of the Trinity in Christian Theology of Religions. Aldershot, Hampshire, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2004.
  • Asian Contextual Theology for the Third Millennium: Theology of Minjung in Fourth-Eye Formation, ed. and trans. Paul S. Chung, co-eds. Kim Kyoung-Jae and Veli–Matti Kärkkäinen. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications/Wipf & Stock, 2006.
  • The Trinity: Global Perspectives. Louisville: Westminster, John Knox, 2007.
  • The Spirit in the World: Emerging Pentecostal Theologies in Global Contexts, ed. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009.
  • Christ and Reconciliation. Volume 1 of Constructive Christian Theology for the Church in the Pluralistic World. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013.
  • Interdisciplinary and Religio-Cultural Discourses on a Spirit-Filled World: Loosing the Spirits, ed. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, Kirsteen Kim, and Amos Yong. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
  • Edinburgh 2010: Pentecostal Mission, Its Past and Future. Volume to the Edinburgh 2010 Series, ed. Wonsuk Ma, Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, and Kwabena Asamoah-Gyadu. Oxford, UK: Regnum Books, 2013.
  • Trinity and Revelation. Volume 2 of Constructive Christian Theology for the Church in the Pluralistic World. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2014.
Textbooks and Dictionaries
  • Pneumatology: The Holy Spirit in Ecumenical, International, and Contextual Perspectives. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic Books, 2002), 202 pp. Chinese Translation: Hong Kong: Logos Ministries Limited, 2009.
  • An Introduction to Ecclesiology: Ecumenical, Historical, and Contextual Perspectives. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002. Chinese Translation: Hong Kong: Logos Ministries Limited, 2010.
  • Christology: A Global Introduction. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic Books, 2003. Chinese Translation: Hong Kong: Logos Ministries Limited, 2010.
  • An Introduction to the Theology of Religions: Biblical, Historical, and Contemporary Perspectives. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2003. Chinese Translation: Hong Kong: Logos Ministries Limited, 2009.
  • Doctrine of God: A Global Perspective. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004. Chinese Translation: Hong Kong: Logos Ministries Limited, 2007.
  • Global Dictionary of Theology, ed. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen and William Dyrness; ass. eds. Simon Chan and Juan Martinez. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2008.
  • Holy Spirit and Salvation, ed. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, in the series The Westminster Collection of Sources of Christian Theology, General Editors John McGuckin, Joseph Wawrykow, Timothy George and Lois Malcolm. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2010.
  • Holy Spirit. Basic Guides to Christian Theology. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2012.
Peer-reviewed Scientific Articles
  • “The Ecumenical Potential of Pneumatology,” Gregorianum 80:1 (1999): 121-45
  • “‘Reading in the Spirit in Which it was Written’: Pentecostal Bible Reading in Dialogue with Catholic Interpretation,” in Purity and Power: Revisioning Holiness & Pentecostal/Charismatic Movements for the Twenty-First Century. 27th Annual Meeting of the Society for Pentecostal Studies in special session with Wesleyan Theological Society, Cleveland, TN, vol. I, 22 pp.
  • “Neljännesvuosisata roomalaiskatolisen kirkon ja helluntailaisten kansainvälistä dialogia” [A Quarter of Century of Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue], Teologinen Aikakauskirja [Finnish Journal of Theology], 4 (1998): 300-310.
  • “Helluntailainen identiteetti valinkauhassa” [The Pentecostal Identity in the Smelter], Teologinen Aikakauskirja, [Finnish Journal of Theology] 2 (1999): 177-87.
  • “Deification and a Pneumatological Concept of Grace: Unprecedented Convergences between Orthodox, Lutheran, and Pentecostal-Holiness Soteriologies,” in Toward Healing Our Divisons: Reflecting on Pentecostal Diversity and Common Witness. The 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Pentecostal Studies, Springfield, MO, March 11-13, 1999, vol. I, 27 pp.
  • “‘Hengen voimassa… maan ääriin saakka’. Helluntailainen missiologia uuden vuosituhannen haasteiden edessä” [‘In the Power of the Spirit… to the Ends of the Earth’. Pentecostal Missiology and the Challenges of a New Millennium], Teologinen Aikakauskirja [Finnish Journal of Theology], 2 (2000): 89-100.
  • “Authority, Revelation, and Interpretation in the Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue,” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 21:2 (1999): 89-114.
  • “‘Anonymous Ecumenists?’: Pentecostals and the Struggle for Christian Unity,” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 37:1 (Winter 2000): 13-27.
  • “Mission, Spirit, and Eschatology: An Outline of a Pentecostal-Charismatic Theology of Mission,” Mission Studies XVI-1, 31 (1999): 73-94.
  • “‘Trinity as Communion in the Spirit’: Koinonia, Trinity, and Filioque in the Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue,” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 22:2 (2000): 209-30.
  • “Evangelization, Proselytism and Common Witness: Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue on Mission (1991-1997),” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 25:1 (2001): 16-23.
  • “‘An Exercise on the Frontiers of Ecumenism’: Almost Thirty Years of the Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue,” Exchange: Journal of Missiological and Ecumenical Research 29:2 (2000): 156-171.
  • “Church as Charismatic Fellowship: Ecclesiological Reflections from the Pentecostal-Roman Catholic Dialogue,” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 18 (2001): 101-22.
  • “Are Pentecostals Oblivious of Social Justice: Theological and Ecumenical Perspectives,” in Christoph Dahling-Sander, Kai M. Funkscdhmidt & Vera Mielke (eds.) Pfingstkirchen und Ökumene in Bewegung. Ökumenische Rundshau Beiheft Nr. 71 (Frankfurt: Lembeck Verlag, 2001), 50-65.
  • “The Ecumenical Potential of Theosis: Emerging Convervenges between Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and Pentecostal Soteriologies,” Sobornost/ Eastern Churches Review 23:2 (2002): 45-77.
  • “Are Pentecostals Oblivious to Social Justice: Theological and Ecumenical Perspectives,” Missionalia 29:3 (2001): 387-404
  • “The Holy Spirit and Justification: The Ecumenical Significance of Luther’s Doctrine of Justification,” Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 24:1 (2002), 26-39.
  • “The Calling of the Whole People of God into Ministry: The Spirit, Church, and Laity,” Studia Theologia: Scandinavian Journal of Theology 54:2 (2000): 144-62.
  • “The Apostolicity of Free Churches: A Contradiction in Terms of an Ecumenical Breakthrough?” Pro Ecclesia 10:4 (2001): 389-400.
  • “Are Pentecostals Oblivious to Social Justice? Theological and Ecumenical Perspectives,” Missiology: An International Review 29:4 (October 2001): 417-31.
  • “Pentecostalism and the Claim for Apostolicity,” Evangelical Review of Theology 25:4 (2001): 323-36.
  • “David’s Sling: The Promise and the Problem of Pentecostal Theology,” PNEUMA: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 23:1 (2001): 147-52.
  • “‘Evil, Love and the Left Hand of God’: The Contribution of Luther’s Theology of the Cross to Evangelical Theology of Evil,” Evangelical Quarterly 79:4 (July 2002): 215-34
  • “‘Surveying the Land and Charting the Territory of the Spirit’: A Biographical Footnote to Clark Pinnock’s Review of My Pneumatology,” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 12:1 (2003): 9-13.
  • “Christian as Christ to the Neighbor,” International Journal of Systematic Theology 6:2 (April 2004): 101-17.
  • “The Working of the Spirit of God in Creation and in the People of God”: The Pneumatology of Wolfhart Pannenberg,”Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 26:1 (Fall 2004): 17-35.
  • “Pentecostal Theology of Mission in the Making,” Journal of Values and Beliefs 25:2 (August 2004): 167-76.
  • “The Uniqueness of Christ and Trinitarian Faith,” in Christ the One and Only: A Global Affirmation of the Uniqueness of Jesus Christ, ed. Sung Wook Chung (Exeter: Paternoster/Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005): 111-35.
  • “Trinity and Religions: On the Way to a Trinitarian Theology of Religions for Evangelicals,” Missiology: An International Review 33:2 (April 2005): 159-74
  • “Christianity and Religions,” in Karl Barth and Evangelical Theology: Convergences and Divergences, ed. Sung Wook Chung (Carlisle, UK: Paternoster/Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006), 236-57.
  • “‘How to Speak of the Spirit Among Religions’: Trinitarian Prolegomena for a Pneumatological Theology of Religions,” in The Work of the Spirit: Pneumatology and Pentecostalism, ed. Michael Welker (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006), 47-70.
  • “‘How to Speak of the Spirit among Religions’: Trinitarian ‘Rules’ for a Pneumatological Theology of Religions,” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 30:3 (July 2006): 121-127.
  • “A Mapping of Asian Liberative Theology in Quest of the Mystery of God amid Minjung Reality and World Religions,” in Asian Contextual Theology for the Third Millennium: Theology of Minjung in Fourth-Eye Formation, ed. and trans. Paul S. Chung, co-eds. Kim Kyoung-Jae and Veli–Matti Kärkkäinen (Eugene, Oreg.:Pickwick Publications/Wipf & Stock, 2006), 103-26.
  • “Calvin and Religions,” in John Calvin and Evangelical Theology: Legacy and Prospect, ed. Sung Wook Chung (Carlisle, UK: Paternoster/Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2009), 266-83.
  • “The Trajectories of the Contemporary ‘Trinitarian Renaissance’ in Different Contexts,” Journal of Reformed Theology 3 (2009): 7-21.
  • “Pentecostalism and Pentecostal Theology in the Third Millennium: Taking Stock of Contemporary Global Situation,” The Spirit in the World: Emerging Pentecostal Theologies in Global Contexts, ed. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009), xiii-xiv.
  • “Pentecostal Pneumatology of Religions: The Contribution of Pentecostalism to Our Understanding of the Work of God’s Spirit in the World,” in The Spirit in the World: Emerging Pentecostal Theologies in Global Contexts, ed. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009), 155-80.
  • “The Leaning Tower of Pentecostal Ecclesiology”: Reflections on the Doctrine of the Church on the Way,” in Toward a Pentecostal Ecclesiology: The Church and the Five Fold Gospel, ed. Chris Thomas (Lexington, KY: Emeth Press, 2010), 261-71.
  • “Pentecostal Pneumatologies in the Matrix of Systematic Theology,” in Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods, ed. Allan Anderson, Michael Bergunder, André Droogers, and Cornelis van der Laan (Los Angeles,: University of California Press, 2010), 289-313.
  • “Epistemology, Ethos, and Environment: In Search of A Theology of Pentecostal Theological Education,” Pneuma 34 (2012) 1-17.
  • “Guest Editorial: Pentecostal ecclesiology – Is there any?” International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 11:4 (2011): 248-55.
  • “Unity, Diversity, and Apostolicity: Any Hopes for Rapprochement between Older and Younger Churches?” in Believing in Community: Ecumenical Reflections on the Church, ed. Peter de Mey, 487-506. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium. Louven: University of Louven, 2013.
  • “The Spirit of Life: Moltmann’s Pneumatological Vision,” in Jürgen Moltmann and Evangelical Theology: A Critical Engagement, ed. Sung Wook Chung (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2012), 126-51.
  • “Is the Spirit Still the Dividing Line Between the Christian East and West? Revisiting an Ancient Problem of Filioque with a Hope for an Ecumenical Rapprochement,” Perichoresis: The Theological Journal of Emanuel University of Oradea 9:2 (2011): 125-42; available at: http://www.emanuel.ro/eng/files/Perichoresis/Perichoresis%209_2%20web.pdf
  • “Deification View,” in Justification: Five Views, ed. James Beilby and Paul Eddy (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2011), 219-43; “Response to ‘The New Perspective’ on Justification,” “Response to the Roman Catholic View,” “Response to the Traditional Reformed View,” and “Response to the Progressive Reformed View,” in ibid.
  • “‘The Leaning Tower of Mission in a Post-Modern Land’: Ecumenical Reflections on Pentecostal Mission in the After-Edinburgh World,” in Mission and Unity – Common Witness of Separated Churches? ed. Peter De Mey & Andrew Pierce & Oliver Schuegraf. Beihefte zu Ökumenischen Rundschau 91 (Frankfurt: Otto Lembeck, 2012, 117-30).
  • Dukkha and Passio: A Christian Theology of Suffering in the (Theravada) Buddhist Context,” Journal of Youngsan Theology 25 (2012): 7-30.
  • “Spirit(s) in Contemporary Christian Theology: An Interim Report of the Unbinding of Pneumatology,” in Interdisciplinary and Religio-Cultural Discourses on a Spirit-Filled World: Loosing the Spirits, ed. Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, Kirsteen Kim, and Amos Yong (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), 29-40.
  • “‘The Greening of the Spirit’: Towards a Pneumatological Theology of the Flourishing of Nature,” in Blood Cries Out: Pentecostals, Ecology, and the Groans of Creation, ed. A. J. Swoboda (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2014).
  • “Pentecostal Mission and Encounter with Religions,” in The Cambridge Companion to Pentecostalism, ed. Cecil M. Robeck and Amos Yong (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
  • “From a ‘Unitive’ to a ‘Plural’ Paradigm of Pneumatology: An Interim Report of the State of Spirit(s) in Christian Theology,” Festshrift for Professor Molly Marshall: Perspectives in Religious Studies 41:2 (2014): 183-96.
  • “Teaching Global Theology in a Comparative Mode,” in Teaching Theology in a Global and Transnational Context, ed. Kwok Pui-lan, Dwight N. Hopkins, and Cecilia González-Andrieu (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014, forthcoming).
  • “Divine Hospitality and Communion: A Trinitarian Theology of Equality, Justice, and Human Flourishing,” in Revisioning, Renewing, and Rediscovering the Triune Center: Essays in Honor of Stanley J. Grenz, ed. Jason Sexton (Eugene, Oreg.: Pickwick Books, 2014).
  • “Is the Origin of the Spirit Still a Theological Impasse? A Modest Ecumenical Proposal about the Derivation of the Spirit in the Trinity,” in Children of the Calling: A Festschrift in Honor of Stanley M. Burgess and Ruth Vassar Burgess, ed. Erick Newlson Newberg Lois E. Olena (Eugene, Oreg.: Pickwick, 2014, forthcoming).
Other Academic Essays (including chapters and dictionary entries)
  • “Pentecostal Hermeneutics in the Making: On the Way from Fundamentalism to Postmodernism,” Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 18 (1998): 76-115.
  • “Viisi pneumatologista kokousta” [Five Pneumatological Meetings], Teologinen Aikakauskirja [Finnish Journal of Theology 5 (1999): 458-62.
  • “Pneumatology as a New Ecumenical ‘Model’,” Ecumenical Trends 27:9 (October 1998): 10-16
  • “‘Reading in the Spirit in Which it was Written’: Pentecostal Bible Reading in Dialogue with Catholic Interpretation,” One in Christ 4 (1998): 337-59.
  • “Pentecostal Missiology in Ecumenical Perspective: Contributions, Challenges, Controversies,” International Review of Mission 88, 350 (1999): 207-25.
  • “Spirit, Church, and Christ: An Ecumenical Inquiry into a Pneumatological Ecclesiology,” One in Christ 4 (2000): 338-53.
  • “‘Truth on Fire’: Pentecostal Theology of Mission and the Challenges of a New Millennium,” Asian Journal of Pentecostal Theology 3:1 (2000): 33-60.
  • “From the Ends of the Earth to the Ends of the Earth – Factors Contributing to the Growth of the Finnish Pentecostal Missions,” Journal of European Pentecostal Theological Assosiation 20 (2000): 116-31.
  • “The Problem of Proselytism in the Relations between Older and Younger Churches: A Theological Inquiry,” Ecumenical Review 52:3 (July 2000): 379-90.
  • “Trinity, Spirit, and Church,” Spirit and Church [Seoul, Korea] 4:1 (2002): 9-26.
  • “Toward a Pneumatological Theology of Religion: Pentecostal-Charismatic Contributions,” International Review of Mission 91, No. 361 (Apri 2002), 187-98.
  • “Roongrianphrakhamphii penraakthaan naykaanchamroenkhuen khoongkhristchak” [Theological Education as the Foundation of the Growth of the Churches], in Khroproopsiisip khoong phrakristthamphrakhrithikhunsomphung (Bangkok, Thailand: F.G.B.C., 2000), 17-19.
  • “Justification as Forgiveness of Sins and Making Righteous: The Ecumenical Promise of a New Interpretation of Luther,” One in Christ 37:2 (April 2002): 32-45.
  • “Salvation as Justification and Deification: The Ecumenical Potential of a New Perspective on Luther,” in Theology between West and East: Honoring the Radical Legacy of Professor Dr. Jan M. Lochman, ed. Frank Macchia and Paul Chung (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2002), pp. 59-76.
  • “‘Universe of Faiths’: Theological Challenges of John Hick’s pluralism,” Dharma Deepika [Delhi, India] (January-June 2003): 5-16.
  • “Doing Christ’s Mission in the Pluralistic Context of Asia: Critical Dialogue with Some Asian Christologies,” in Empowering the Asian Church for Mission, ed. Wonsuk Ma (Irvine, CA: Regnum Books, 2003).
  • “Identity and Plurality: A Pentecostal-Charismatic Perspective,” International Review of Mission XCI: 363 (October 2002): 500-504.
  • “Spirituality as a Resource for Social Justice: Reflections from the Roman Catholic-Penteocostal Dialogue,” Asian Journal of Pentecostal Theology 6:1 (2003): 75-88.
  • “The Pentecostal Movement in Finland,” Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Associaton 23 (2003): 102-28.
  • “Theology of Religions” and “Evangelicals, Pluralism, and Religions: Evangelicals Enter the Theology of Religions,” Theology News and Notes 52:1 (Winter 2005): 2-3, 19-22 respectively (served as the moderator of the issue).
  • “Response to ‘Amos, Intrepid Leader for Justice: Three Indispensable Qualities of a Minister of the Word of God’ by Eldin Villafañe,” in Eldin Villafañe, Beyond Cheap Grace: A Call to Radical Discipleship, Incarnation, and Justice (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006), 82-89.
  • “‘Drinking from the Same Wells with Orthodox and Catholics’: Insights from the Finnish Interpretation of Luther’s Theology,” Currents in Theology and Mission 34:2 (April 2007): 85-96.
  • “‘Encountering Christ in the Full Gospel Way’: An Incarnational Pentecostal Spirituality,” Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 37:1 (2007): 9-23.
  • “Missiology, Pentecostal and Charismatic,” The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, rev. and expanded ed., eds. Stanley M. Burgess & Eduard M. van der Maas (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 877-85.
  • “Vapaakristillisyys, baptismi ja helluntailaisuus,” Kirkkotiedon kirja: Ekumeeninen johdatus kirkkojen oppiin ja elämään [“Free Churches, Baptists, and Pentecostals,” in Ecumenical Introduction to Christian Churches] ed. Esko Ryökäs ja Pekka Metso (Helsinki: Kirjapaja, 2005), 283-324.
  • “Pannenberg, Wolfhart,” in New Dictionary of Christian Apologetics, ed. Campbell Campbell-Jack & Gavin J. McGrath (Leicester, England/Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006): 529-30.
  • “March Forward to Hope: Yonggi Cho’s Pentecostal Theology of Hope,” Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 28:2 (Fall 2006): 253-63.
  • “The Church as the Fellowship of Persons: An Emerging Pentecostal Ecclesiology of Koinonia,” PentecoStudies 6:1 (2007): 1-15 (online journal: http://www.glopent.net/pentecostudies/2007).
  • “My Response to Tony Richie’s ‘Azusa Era Optimism’: Bishop J.H. King’s Pentecostals Theology of Religions as a Possible Paradigm for Today,” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 15:2 (2007): 263-68.
  • “Towards a Theology and Ecclesiology of the Spirit: Marquette University’s 1998 Symposium, ‘An Advent of the Spirit: Orientations in Pneumatology’,” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 14 (1999): 65-80.
  • “Le dialogue entre pentecôtistes et catholiques: peuvent-ils dire quelque chose de commun à propos de la mission?” Unité des Chrétiens 134 (April 2004): 22-25.
  • “‘The Nature and Purpose of the Church’: Theological and Ecumenical Reflections from Pentecostal/Free Church Perspectives,” Ecumenical Trends 33:7 (July/August 2004): 97-103.
  • “Apostolicity and Unity of the Church in the New Context: Towards an Ecumenical Convergence between Free Churches and Traditional Churches,” in Auf dem Weg zur sichtbaren Einheit: Festschrift fûr Bischop Eero Huovinen, hrsg. von Kari Kopper, Simo Peura, Antti Raunio & Jari Jolkkonen (Helsinki: Luther Agricola Gesellschaft, 2004), 128-41.
  • “Theology of the Cross: A Stumbling Block to Pentecostal-Charismatic Spirituality,” in The Spirit and Spirituality: Essays in Honour of Russell P. Spittler, ed. Wonsuk Ma and Robert P. Menzies (London/New York: T & T Clark International/Continuum, 2004), 150-63.
  • “March Forward to Hope: Yonggi Cho’s Pentecostal Theology of Hope,” in 2004 Young San International Theological Symposium: Dr. Yonggi Cho’s Theology of Hope (Seoul, Korea: Full Gospel Theological Institute of Hansei University, 2004), 75-85.
  • “Recursos Pentecostales para la Justicia y la Ètica,” Sacuanjoche: Revista semestral de la Universidad Evangélica Nicaragûense Martin Luther king, VI:11 (Mayo 2004): 137-47.
  • “Recursos Pentecostales para la Justicia y la Ètica,” in Pentecostalismos y Desafíos del Tiempo Nicaragüense, eds. Manuel Silva Mejía & Jorge Bardeguez Román (Managua: Centro Intereclesial de Estudios Teólogicos y Sociales, 2004), 17-29, 123-133.
  • “En överraskande dialog i utkanten av ekumeniken: Dialogen mellan den romersk-katolska kyrkan och pingströrelsen har redan pågått i över 25 år,” Refleks 3-1 (2004): 66-77.
  • “Spirit, Reconciliation, and Healing in the Community: Missiological Insights from Pentecostals,” International Review of Mission 94:372 (January 2005): 43-50.
  • “Theology of Religions,” Theology, News & Notes 52:1 (Winter 2005); integrator, Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen.
  • “‘The Nature and Mission of the Church’ in Light of the Global ‘Macroreformation’” in ‘Mache Dich auf und werde licht!’: Ökumenische Visionen in Zeiten des Umbruchs-’Arise, shine’. Ecumenical Visions in Times of Change. Festschrift fűr Konrad, hrs. von Dagmar Heller, Christina Kayales, Barbara Rudolph, Gert Rűppell, Heinrich Schäfer (Frankfurt/Main: Verlag Otto Lembeck, 2008), 93-99.
  • “Response to the CWME conference preparatory paper No. 13: “Religious Plurality and Christian Self-Understanding,” in Come Holy Spirit, Heal and Reconcile: Report of the WCC Conference on World Mission and Evangelism, Athens, Greece, May 2005, ed. Jacques Matthey (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2008), 252-55.
  • “Christology,” 167-175; “Deification/Theosis,” 227-30: “Ecclesiology,” 251-62; God, Doctrine of,” 349-56; “Hope, Theology of,” 404-05; “Justification,” 447-52; “Love,” 509-10; “Ordo Salutis,” 622-23; “Parliaments of the World’s Religions,” 627-28; “Pneumatology,” 659-69; “Proselytism,” 714-15; “Religions, Theology of,” 745-53; “Trinity, Triune God,” 907-13 in The Global Dictionary of Theology, eds. William Dyrness and Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, ass. eds., Simon Chan and Juan Martinez (Downer Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 2008).
  • “Introduction” (with Bill Dyrness) to Global Dictionary of Theology, eds. William Dyrness and Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, ass. eds., Simon Chan and Juan Martinez (Downer Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 2008), vii-xiv.
  • “Evangelical Theology and the Religions,” in Cambridge Companion to Evangelical Theology, ed. Timothy Larsen and Daniel J. Treier (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 199-212.
  • “Foreword to Christian Spirituality and Ethical Life: Calvin’s View of the Holy Spirit, rev. ed., by Paul S. Chung (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2008), xii-x.
  • “The Pentecostal View” and Response to “The Roman Catholic View,” “The Lutheran View,” “The Reformed View,” and “The Baptist View,” in Five Views of the Lord’s Supper, ed. Gordon T. Smith (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2008), 117-35, 38-39, 65-66, 88-89, 115-16 respectively.
  • Theosis: Western Theology and Ecumenical Developments,” in The Encyclopedia of Christianity, vol. 5, ed., Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan, and Lukas Vischer; Geoffrey W. Bromiley, tr. and English-language ed., David B. Barrett, statistical ed. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008).
  • “Ecclesiology,” in Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization, ed. George Thomas Kurian (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 796-801.
  • “Theological and Ecumenical Reflections on the Document: The Nature and Purpose of the Church,” in Pentecostalism and the Unity of the Churches: Ecumenical Documents, Key Texts, and Critical Essays, ed., Volfgang Vondey (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2010), 231-42.
  • “Theologies of Religions,” Evangelical Interfaith Dialogue 1:2 (2010): 3-7.
  • “Holy Spirit, “Church,” Church, Western View,” “Holy Spirit,” “Holy Spirit, European View,” “Holy Spirit, North American View,” “Inspiration,” in Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity, ed. Daniel Patte (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).
  • “The Trinitarian Doctrines of Jürgen Moltmann and Wolfhart Pannenberg in the Context of Contemporary Discussion,” in Cambridge Companion to Trinity, ed. Peter C. Phan (Cambridge University Press, 2010), 412-48.
  • “Christology in Africa, Asia and Latin America,” in Blackwell Companion to Jesus, ed. Delbert Burkett. Blackwell Companions to Religion (Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, 2010), 375-93.
  • “Dialogue, Witness, and Tolerance: The Many Faces of Interfaith Encounters,” Theology, News & Notes 57:2 (Fall 2010), 29-33.
  • “Distinctives of Pentecostalism – Experience and Theology,” in Den pentekostale bevægelse: Ny Mission 19 (2010): 35-46.
  • “‘The Leaning Tower of Mission in a Postmodern Land’: Ecumenical Reflections on Pentecostal Mission,” Journal of European Pentecostal Theological Association 30:2 (2010): 82-93.
  • “Mission to Religions in the Post-Edinburghs World,” Evangelical Interfaith Dialogue 1:4 (2010): 16.
  • “Mission and the Encounter with the Religious Other,” Lähetysteologinen Aikakauskirja – Journal of Mission Theology 13 (2010): 81-90.
  • “The Lutheran Doctrine of Justification in the Global Context,” Currents in Mission and Theology 38:1 (February 2011): 4-16.
  • “Dukkha and Passio: A Christian Theology of Suffering in the (Theravada) Buddhist Context,” in Global Renewal, Religious Pluralism, and the Great Commission: Towards a Renewal Theology of Mission and Interreligious Encounter, ed. Amos Yong & Clifton Clarke (Lexington, Ky.: Emeth Press, 2011), 97-116.
  • “Foreword” to Contemporary Muslim and Christian Responses to Religious Pluralism, Lewis E. Winkler (Eugene, Oreg.: Pickwick Publications, 2010).
  • “Pentecostalism and the Claim for the Apostolicity,” and “Full Gospel, Fullness of the Spirit, and Catholicity: Pentecostal Perspectives on the Third Mark of the Church,” in Pentecostal Issues, Ecclesiology & Ecumenism, ed. C. Donovan Barron and Riku Tuppurainen (Sint-Peters-Leeuw, Belgium: Continental Theological Seminary, 2011), 57-76, 77-99 respectively.
  • “Lessons for Revitalization from the Broader, Missional Phenomenology of the Holy Spirit as Found in the Data,” in Interpretive Trends in Christian Revitalization for the Early Twenty First Century, ed. Steven O’Malley (Lexington, Ky.: Emeth Press, 2011), 101-6.
  • “Pentecostal Theological Education in a Theological and Missiological Perspective,” The Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association 30:1 (2010): 49-62.
  • “Ecclesiology,” in Mapping Modern Theology, ed. Kelly Kapic and Bruce McCormack (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2012), 345-76.
  • “Ecumenism,” in Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics, ed. Joel Green, Jacqueline Lapsley, Rebekah Miles, and Allen Verhey (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011), 269-70.
  • “Theologies of Religions,” in Witnessing to Christ in a Pluralistic World: Christian Mission among Other Faiths, ed. Lalsingkima Pachuau and Knud Jørgensen. Edinburgh 2010 Studies (London:, UK: Regnum Books, 2011), 110-18.
  • “‘The Leaning Tower of Mission in a Post-Modern Land’: Ecumenical Reflections on Pentecostal Mission in the After-Edinburgh World,” in Mission and Unity – Common Witness of Separated Churches?, ed. Peter De Mey & Andrew Pierce & Oliver Schuegraf. Beihefte zu Ökumenischen Rundschau 91 (Frankfurt: Otto Lembeck, 2012), 117-30.
  • “‘By the Washing of Regeneration and Renewing by the Holy Spirit’: Toward a Pneumatological Account of Justification in Christ,” in Spirit and Christ: Essays in Honour of Max Turner, ed. Howard Marshall, Cornelis Bennema and Volker Rabens (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2012), 303-22.
  • “Ecumenism,” in The Encyclopedia of Globalization, ed. George Ritzer (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012).
  • “Fuller in Dialogue: Engaging the ‘Other’ with Civility,” Theology, News & Notes 57:2 (Fall 2010), integrator, Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen.
  • International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church. Theme Issue on “The Ecclesiology of Pentecostal Churches,” Guest editor Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, 11:4 (2011); “Guest Editorial: Pentecostal ecclesiology – Is there any?,” pp. 248-55.
  • “Full Gospel, Fullness of the Spirit and Catholicity: Pentecostal Perspectives on the Third Mark of the Church,” Ecumenical Review (2011).
  • “‘The Spirit Poured Out on All Flesh’: Pentecostal Testimonies and Experiences of the Holy Spirit,” in “Lord and Life Giver: Spirit today,” Concilium 4 (2011): 78-86.
  • “Is the Spirit Still the Dividing Line Between the Christian East and West? Revisiting an Ancient Problem of Filioque with a Hope for an Ecumenical Rapprochement,” Perichoresis: The Theological Journal of Emanuel University of Oradea 9:2 (2011): 125-42; available at: http://www.emanuel.ro/eng/files/Perichoresis/Perichoresis%209_2%20web.pdf
  • “The Church in the Post-Christian Society Between Modernity and Late Modernity: L. Newbigin’s Post-Critical Missional Ecclesiology,” in Mission and Postmodernities, ed. J. Andrew Kirk, Kajsa Ahlstrand, Tania Petrova, Teresa Francesca Rossi, Jayakiran Sebastian, Rolv Olsen. Edinburgh 2010 Studies (London, UK: Regnum Books, 2011), 83-108.
  • “A Fellow Pentecostal Theologian’s Musings on Amos Yong’s “The Holy Spirit, the Middle Way, and the Religions,” Evangelical Interfaith Dialogue (Spring 2012); http://cms.fuller.edu/EIFD/issues/Spring_2012/Spring_2012.aspx
  • “The Church in the Post-Christian Society Between Modernity and Late Modernity: L. Newbigin’s Post-Critical Missional Ecclesiology,” in Theology in Missionary Perspective: Lesslie Newbigin’s Legacy, ed. Mark T.B. Lain and Paul Weston (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2013), 125-54.
  • “Kristillisen theologian mahdollisuudesta ja tehtävistä pluralistisessa ja globaalissa ympäristössä,” [On the Conditions and Tasks of Christian Theology in a Pluralistic and Global World], in Opin Poluilla [On the Paths of Learning]: Festschrift for Professor Miikka Ruokanen, ed. Tiina Ahonen, Jyri Komulainen & Miikka Vähäkangas. Suomalaisen Teologisen Kirjallisuusseuran julkaisuja (Helsinki: Suomalainen Teologinen Kirjallisuusseura, 2013), 263-78.
  • “Triniteettiteologia,” teoksessa Nykyajan teologian suuntauksia [“Trinitarian Theology” in Contemporary Theology], ed. Lauri Kemppainen & Olli-Pekka Vainio (Helsinki: Kirjapaja/ Theologia Academica, 2013), 84-109.
  • “Excerpts from ‘Missiology: Pentecostal and Charismatic,” in All the Gospel to All the World: 100 Years of Assemblies of God Missiology, ed. Paul W. Lewis (Springfield, MO: Assemblies of God Theological Seminary, 2013), 169-74.
  • “Theological Education in a Pluralistic World: Theological Reflections,” in A Theology of the Spirit in Doctrine and Demonstration: Essays in Honor of Dr. Wonsuk Ma and Dr. Julie Ma, ed. Teresa Chai (Baguio City, The Philippines: APTS Press, 2014).
  • “A Full Gospel Ecclesiology of Koinonia: Pentecostal Contributions to the Doctrine of the Church,” in Festschrift for Dr. Vinson Synan, eds., Christopher C. Emerick and David Moore (Cleveland, TN: CPR Press, 2014).
  • “Trinity” [5400 words], “homoousios” [320], “modalism” [320], “monarchianism” [230], “binitarianism” [530],” in The New Westminster Dictionary of Christian Theology, eds. Dawn DeVries & Brian Gerrish (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, forthcoming).
  • “The Doctrine of the Trinity Today: Its Place, Significance, and Features,” in Trinity, ed. Joas Adiprasetya & Hans Harmakaputra (Jakarta, Indonesia: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2011; forthcoming).
  • “Response” to Harold Netland & Gerald McDermott, A Trinitarian Theology of Religions: An Evangelical Proposal (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 301-4.
  • “Die Pfingstbewegung und der Anspruch auf Apostolizität. Ein Essay zur ökumeninschen Ekklesiologie,” in Handbuch pfingstliche und charismatische Theologie: Herausgegeben, űbersetzt und eingeleitet von Jörg Haustein und Giovanni Maltese (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2014), 430-50.
  • “Holy Spirit and Other Spirits: An Interim Report of the State of the Theology of the Holy Spirit in a Contemporary Pluralistic World,” Catalyst: Contemporary Evangelical Resources for United Methodist Seminarians, online journal: http://www.catalystresources.org/ (March 2014).
  • “Loving Father, Embodied Son, and Life-Giving Spirit”: The Trinitarian Narrative and Liturgical Experience,” Liturgy 30 (2014). DOI: 10.1080/0458063X.2014.952602
Publications Intended for the General Theological Public
  • “Miltä helluntailaisuus / karismaattisuus näyttää vuosituhannen taitteessa” [The Prospects of the Pentecostal-Charismatic Movement at the Turn of the Century], Reseptio 2 (1996): 43-51.
  • “‘Towards Common Witness’—konsultaatio proselytismistä Bosseyn Ekumeenisessa Instituutissa 23.-28.7.1996” [‘Towards Common Witness’-Consultation on Proselytism at the Bossey Ecumenical Institute 23.-28.7.1996], Reseptio 3 (1996): 58-64.
  • “‘Towards Common Witness’—konsultaatio proselytismistä” [Towards Common Witness—Consultation on Proselytism], Näköala 3 (1996): 24-27.
  • “Yllättävä dialogi ‘ekumenian rajamailla’: roomalaiskatolinen kirkko ja helluntailaiset oppineuvotteluissa jo 25 vuotta” [An Unexpected Dialogue on the Frontiers of Ecumenism: Roman Catholics and Pentecostals in Dialogue already for 25 Years], Reseptio 1 (1998): 30-38.
  • “Reformoitujen ja helluntailaisten kansainvälisen dialogin toinen istunto Chicagossa 10.-15.5.1997” [The Second Session of the Reformed-Pentecostal Dialogue in Chicago 10.-15.5.1997], Reseptio 1 (1998): 56-58.
  • “‘Pyhä Henki ja lähetys eskatologisessa perspektiivissä’: Reformoitujen ja helluntailaisten kolmas dialogi-istunto Sveitsissä 14.-19.5.1998” [‘Holy Spirit and Mission in Eschatological Perspective’: The Third Session of the Reformed-Pentecostal Dialogue in Switzerland 14.-19.5.1998], Reseptio 2 (1998): 45-47.
  • “Mielenkiintoinen vuosi tutkijana USA:ssa ekumeenisessa tutkimusinstituutissa” [An Interesting Year as a Visiting Scholar in the USA], Reseptio 2 (1998): 64-66.
  • “Riittääkö kristologinen perusta kristittyjen yhteyden pohjaksi? Kirkkojen Maailmanneuvoston ja helluntailaisten suhteista” [Is the Christological Basis Enough for Christian Unity? On the Relationship between the WCC and Pentecostals], Reseptio 2 (1998): 50-57.
  • “Dialogen som är ett under,” Petrus 34 (1998): 18-19.
  • “Helluntailaisten ja Kirkkojen Maailmanneuvoston suhteista” [On the Relationship between the WCC and Pentecostals], Näköala 3-4 (1998): 9-13.
  • “‘Henki puhaltaa missä tahtoo’: Katolisen kirkon ja helluntailaisten dialogi.” Ekumeeninen vuosikirja, toim. J. Edström & S.-M. Vuorinen [‘The Spirit Blows Where He Wills’: The Roman Catholic-Pentecostal Dialogue. Ecumenical Yearbook of Finland, ed. J. Edström & S.-M. Vuorinen], Suomen ekumeenisen neuvoston julkaisuja LIX, 1999, 36-47.
  • “Mitä uutta vanhojen kirkkojen ja vapaiden kirkkojen suhteissa” [Anything New in the Relationship between Old and Young Churches], Näköala 4 (1999): 13-18.
  • “100 Years of Pentecostal Missions: The European Pentecostal/Charismatic Research Association’s 1999 Meeting,” Mission Studies 17:1-2 (2000): 207-16.
  • “Ekumeeninen tutkijakokous Hampurin yliopistolla 3.-5.11.2000” [Ecumenical Reserach Conference at the University of Hamburg, November 3-5, 2000], Teologinen Aikakauskirja 6 (2000): 535-38.
  • “KMN laajentaa yhteistyöpyrkimyksiä lähetyksen edistämiseksi,” [The World Council of Churches Committed to Work for Co-operation in Mission], Reseptio, 1 (2001): 42-45.
  • “‘Henki puhaltaa missä tahtoo’: Kansainvälinen katsaus helluntailais-karismaattisiin liikkeisiin,” in Tulkinnasta sovellukseen: From Interpretation to Application: Festschrift for Jouko Ruohomäki, ed. Maarit-Merimaa Piirainen et al. (Keuruu: Keuruskopio Oy, 2005), 71-78.
  • “Helluntailais-karismaattisen kristillisyyden ekumeeniset haasteet” [The Ecumenical Challenges of Charismatic Christianity],” Reseptio 1 (2007): 18-24.
  • “Milta lähetystyömme näyttää kansainvälisen helluntailähetystyön näköpiiristä” [The Mission Work of the Finnish Pentecostal Church in an international perspective], in Jumalan Hyvät Tuulet: Helluntaiseurakuntien lähetystyö 80 vuotta (Helsinki: Fida, 2007), 47-59.
  • “Beyond Augsburg: Faith Alone and Full Gospel,” Lutheran Forum 41:3 (Fall 2007): 45-48.
  • “Helluntailais-karismaattiset liikkeet kansainvälisestä näkökulmasta” [Pentecostal-Charismatic Movements: A Global Perspective], in Festschrift for Mr. Matti Kangasoja (Jyväskylä: Lääninhallituksen julkaisuja, 2008), 25-28.
  • “First Sunday of Advent, Luke 21:25-36, Theological Perspective,” “Second Sunday of Advent, Luke 3:1-6, Theological Perspective,” and “Third Sunday of Advent, Luke 3:7-18, Theological Perspective,” in Feasting on the Word: Preaching the Revised Common Lectionary, Year C, Volume I, ed. David L. Bartlett and Barbara Brown Taylor (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2009).
  • “Theologies of Religions,” A Position Paper invited by the unit “Mission and Religious Pluralism” of the Edinburgh 2010 Centennial Missions Conference; http://www.edinburgh2010.org/en/study-themes/2-christian-mission-among-other-faiths.html
  • “Esipuhe” teoksessa Petri Mäkilä, Helluntailainen. Klassisen helluntailaisuuden teologinen ihmiskäsitys [The Theological Anthropology of Classical Pentecostalism] (Helsinki: Kuva ja Sana, 2011), 7-8.

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